Iya-Ilorin, baba Ilorin, baba Onitsha, mama Eko, Iya Egbe, religious prudence
Trade and Appellations of Pariola family -
Appellations used for members of Pariola family reflect their wide geographical reach with trade into distant towns outside their native Ijebu land. Some in the family were referred to as Iya-Ilorin (meaning the elderly woman of Ilorin) on account of huge whole-sale personal trade supplying palm-oil, colanuts, and gari from the south to Ilorin and returning with rice, groundnuts and millet from the north. Another, a cousin or brother was called baba Ilorin (meaning the elderly man of Ilorin) on account of the chain of hardware shops he established in Ilorin, Ibadan and Ijebu where he sold nails and fittings. The same baba Ilorin later diversified into the wholesale of baking flower and stock fish, imported through Lagos from Europe.
His brother was called baba Onitsha (meaning the elderly man of Onitsha) on account of his settlement in Onitsha, a major trading town of the Ibo people across the Niger river in eastern Nigeria. In the same way, several of Pariola’s grand daughters were called mama Eko (Eko is the native Ijebu name for Lagos) on account of their textile trade among the elite class in Lagos. Though named with Ilorin, Onitsha, Lagos and other towns, these were all Ijebu men and women with Yoruba roots, but strong social though not direct political influence.
So was one called Iya Egbe, meaning leader of a social club, in reference to her being the chairperson of the most senior (oldest) ladies age-group society in the community. Even the king himself, with all the pomp of his entourage, would stop in her house to pay homage to her every Sunday on his way to church. Such high respect accrued to the Pariola family because their ancestors formed the first dynasty of Erelu kings of that town until their Erelu VII abdicated in favour of full-time devotion to trade rather than to rituals in the 19th century.
From the above, the prudence of showing allegiance to northern Muslim emirs and kings in Ilorin, Ogbomosho, Oyo and Ibadan towns was balanced by not posing any opposition to southern Christians in Lagos and back home among the Yoruba elite. In practice, members of the Pariola family in Ijebu claimed to be Muslims among their Muslim neighbours in Oke Shopin district of their town, but readily sent their most promising children to St Jame’s, St Luke’s and All-Saints Christian schools in Ojowo and Atikori districts in Ijebu.
In Muslim Ilorin, Pariola’s little grand-grand children were sent to the horror of Muslim classes that taught children to cram unexplained Arabic words and symbols by force of long whips made from the hides of dried, tough, long, cow tails. Pariola’s grand-daughters, and there were many of them, all had sufficient basic Christian schooling in Lagos where they mixed and married with the rich sons of urban Christian elites. Small local church communities with their attendant vibrant African music, the lighting of candles, excited show of spiritual possession and vibrant private prayers for specific individual problems therefore often made strong impressions on them. European impact had begun among these people.
The overall result of their religious prudence was that Pariola family members were never strong religious adherents to preach solemn sermons to anyone, nor fanatic followers of any denomination of any religious sect. They remained part of the audience, never a part of the priesthood.
Continued in Aladura Apostle – the church Priest
German heroic miracle painkiller cure for pneumonia, tuberculosis from Wright, English heroic
Heroin was made a popular addiction drug by Bayer Pharmaceutical Products, the German firm that synthesized the drug and marketed it as a miracle painkiller and a wonder cure for pneumonia and tuberculosis in 1897 when these illnesses still had a high death toll on human population.
Invented in 1874 by C.R. Wright, an English chemist, heroin as drug was tested on workers at Bayer’s where it was claimed that it made people feel heroic. Hence they gave it the trade name ‘heroin‘, and marketed it as a substitute for morphine and codeine.
Surprisingly enough, professional medical journals all accepted and helped propagate the huge scheme across Europe, the USA and the rest of the world. Thanks to some alert medical doctors, the American Medical Association declared heroin to be a habit-forming and therefore an addictive drug in 1906, paving the way for its prohibition by US law in 1924.
Despite that law, Bayer continued to make huge profit from heroin as other manufacturers pitched in to supply the world. Meanwhile, Bayer brought another so-called miracle drug – aspirin into the market.
Categories: Business Unusual, Geography, Health, History, Megalomania, Nature, Regulators, Strange culture, Technology Tags: business, corrupt, culture, drugs, economics, ethics, food, Geography, German, government, Health, knowledge, Megalomania, regulation, safety, science, trade
Britain forced China to legalise opium trade, close off all trade
Addiction: Free trade is when Britain forces China to legalise the trade in opium* smuggled by fleets of British merchant ships so that the Chinese population could get addicted to illicit opium habit.
Indeed 12 million Chinese became opium addicts by 1830′s. When the high penalties imposed by China on the selling or smoking of opium had too little impact because of huge-scale smuggle by the British, the Chinese government seized and destroyed 20,000 chests of opium from British merchants.
As a last resort, the Chinese government then tolerated cheaper local opium production to hurt the imports from British merchants, but promptly closed off their huge country – China – to any form of trade with the outside world. Even so, Britain provoked a war in 1842 by sending its navy to sail down into the Yangtze river, and eventually forced China to yield control of Hong Kong over to England.
China did not reopen contacts with the rest of the world until the advent of US president Nixon, thanks to Henry Kissinger’s Shuttle diplomacy in the 1970′s.
Categories: Business Unusual, Geography, government, Health, History, Megalomania, Odd Justice, Strange culture, Strange Politics Tags: British, business, corrupt, crime, culture, drugs, ethics, food, Geography, government, Health, History, politics, regulation, trade, war
stale Roman bread, English made
French Toast is hardly French in origin, but evolved from the Roman practice of increasing the appeal of stale bread. Called literally pain perdu meaning waste bread (lost bread), it became pamperdy for the English huswife (Old English for house wife) who brightened it by dipping it in eggs and frying.
ostrich egg, elephant bird
Although the ostrich egg* is now the biggest (24 times chicken hen eggs in weight) single cell in nature, and takes 45 minutes to boil, it is the smallest in comparison to the bird that lays it. The largest egg ever laid was by the now extinct elephant bird of Madagascar – aepyornis maximus. It died out in 1700.
Swiss - cat eaters
Dogs are eaten by the Swiss as the only Europeans who take delight in cat- and dog meat.
World Population accelerated and reached 7 billion today 31 October, 2011. It hit 6 billion around 1998, and 5 billion around 1988. It first reached a billion around the 1820′s.
China and India each have more than a billion population.
private companies corrupt Dutch university research into dairy quality
Knowledge corruption became systematic when private companies started to sponsor university research with a view to propaganda on the quality of their own products. Dutch university of Wageningen did research into the quality of milk products with funds provided by the dairy sector, resulting in reports that are too biased when controlled by independent researchers.
profit brainwash - Flying single trip costs double return ticket! Salted groundnuts cheaper than unsalted!
Flying One way costs more than two way – Salted nuts cheaper than unsalted!
The profit motive as a brainwash of economic theory really takes extreme ridiculous forms in the transportation sector. Nobody doubts that for an airliner a passenger on a round trip ticket will cost more to fly than one on a single trip ticket on the same route. Yet, for major airliners like the KLM, the fare for a single trip ticket actually costs double the price of a return ticket, instead of the other way round.
KLM fare for flying from Amsterdam to Miami, Florida is €2204 for a single ticket, but only €1059 for a round trip ticket. Obviously, the airlines are making unfair, unjustified, ridiculous profit this way. It is just as bad or even worse than the supermarkets selling unsalted groundnuts for a higher price than salted ones of the same kind. Salt itself and to apply it costs something, you would think.
The profit motive is merely opportunism – an abuse of economic position with no relation to economic factors of production, nor to utility, nor to sensibility.